Macular degeneration is a breakdown of the macula in an eye. The macula is a small area in the back of the eye that allows a person to see fine detail. The breakdown of the macula causes decreased central vision, which can affect our distance and near vision. This disease is more common as people get older due to aging of the eye.
Matthew H. Wood, M.D., recentlnspy sat down to talk with 1011 News in Lincoln about age-related macular degeneration.
Types of Macular Degeneration
There are two types of macular degeneration, which are dry (atrophic) and wet (exudative). Dry macular degeneration is the most common. It is caused by aging and thinning of the macula. Vision loss is primarily gradual. Wet or "exudative" macular degeneration occurs when the blood vessels leak in the back of the eye. This type of macular degeneration is often more rapid and severe.
Treatment of Macular Degeneration
Unfortunately, there is no treatment at this time for dry macular degeneration, but there is a lot of ongoing research regarding this subtype. Wet macular degeneration, however, can be treated in the early stages. There have been a number of recent exciting developments in the treatment of wet macular degeneration. We currently participate in cutting edge research, treatment, and clinical trials in the treatment of wet macular degeneration. Current treatments available outside of clinical trials include visudyne photodynamic laser treatment, Lucentis injections, and Avastin injections.